Defending Refugees' Access to Protection in Europe


The vast range of migration controls undertaken by European governments at the EU's external borders and beyond are increasingly preventing persons fleeing persecution from reaching safety in Europe. These controls include visas, sanctions on transport companies, posting immigration officials abroad, intercepting and diverting boats at sea, preventing the departure of boats from neighbouring countries as well as the maltreatment and / or immediate return of people who reach the EU's borders.

In this paper ECRE examines the numerous border control measures of European countries and the European Border Management Agency (FRONTEX) to prevent irregular migration and makes proposals for how they should be adapted in order to ensure European countries do not push refugees back to life-endangering situations and that Europe remains a region where people's right to seek asylum is respected.